Archivo de la categoría: history

Berlin Blockade.

In BYOD day, we were told to watch some videos and then complete a chart amd answer some questions about the Berlin Blockade. This is my chart that I did with Rochi Hartmann and the questions.  image

 

Questions:

1) After the war, Berlin was divided into four parts. One part belonged to the USSR and other parts belonged to France, Great Britain and USA.

2) The USSR was determined to try to get away from the west, but wasnt able to.

3) It was a key issue because the eastern allies used the currency so they could all be equal. But at the same time it differed from both sides.

4) It was a major feat because USA found a way to sustain the east without going through the west. It also showed that Stalin was doing everything he could to stay away.

5) There Was a lot of tension while the airlift. If USA  broke down the barriers that blocked the roads, the USSR would see it as an act of war, and if the USSR shot down  the airplanes, USA would see it as an act of war. There was a lot of tension because people didnt know what usa was throwing and also they didn’t know if  the planes would be shot down .

6) He agreed because it benefited him

7) I would say, the soviets, since stalin was the one who was obsessed with comunism and feared capitalism to a certain extent, that he took certain harsh measures. While USA was just trying to apply the policy of containment.

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Yalta & Potsdam Conference.

In our History class we started studying The Cold War. So in order to understand how it started we saw both conferences which led to it: The Potsdam and Yalta conference. Here is the slide share we made.

Why had the agreements at Yalta been relatively easy to reach while Potsdam had mainly disagreements?

  • Change of President in the US. Truman was much more anti-communist than Roosevelt.
  • Churchill was replaced by Attlee so the tension between the USA & USSR grew.
  • At Yalta the Sphere of Influence was just an idea. In Potsdam, it became true. Many eastern European countries were under Soviet control. Capitalists feared a communist expansion.
  • At Yalta the war had not ended and the main focus was defeating Japan, in Potsdam the war had ended so the new focus was on  Soviet and  fear became real.
  • There was great fear of nuclear power from the side of the US. This created tension for the USSR.

How far were the disagreements at Potsdam to blame for the start of the cold war?

  • Yalta: sphere of influence was an idea, Churchill was a moderator of the differences between Stalin and Roosevelt, Germany was the common enemy.
  • Potsdam:  sphere of influence, change of presidents , Churchill was no longer present, Japan was the new common enemy.

The Outbreak of the Cold War.

In our BYOD (bring your own device) day, we were asked to watch a presentation and a  video on the outbreak of the cold war. Then we were asked to answer some questions with the help of looking some information, these are my answers and the links to the videos and the presentation.

Slideshare.

 

Video.

 1) Why did the wartime Alliance fall apart?

2) What were the major differences between the superpowers?

3) The importance of Yalta and Potsdam conferences.

4) The roles of Stalin and Truman.

1) Wartime alliance fell apart since different things were agreed on after and before the war with different people. Before the war ended Roosevelt was still alive and Churchill was still the prime minister, but after, Churchill was replaced and so was Roosevelt. Russia did not follow her words when she freed Europe from Germany, the big three did not agree on the same things, the ideas weren’t clear and there wasn’t a clear point of view.

2) Stalin wanted to cripple Germany fully to prevent future attacks to the USSR but Truman did not want to repeat the same mistakes as the Treaty after the first war.

Stalin wanted compensation from Germany since she caused many deaths in the USSR but Truman still did not agree, he was determined to prevent the same mistakes as after WW1.

Truman did not like the fact that Stalin could place pro-soviet government in eastern Europe.

3) Both Yalta and Potsdam conferences are very important since they both stated what would happen with Germany after the war.

The Yalta conference stated that Germany was to be divided in four and so was its capital. Also Russia had promised to fight against Japan once Germany surrendered. The big three agreed to hunt down Criminals from the Genocide, also countries would be able to choose their government after they were liberated from Germany.

The Potsdam Conference stated was a failure for me, five months after Yalta, so many things had changed that decisions weren’t the same. Roosevelt was dead and Truman came into power, the issue was that Truman was more anti-soviet than Roosevelt. Churchill was defeated in Elections and a new prime minister was elected, so we had 2 new opinions and ideas that did not match the previous leaders, which preoccupied Stalin. Also, Stalin did not follow his words, he stayed in the placed he freed from Germany not giving the population the option to choose the government they wanted.

4) Stalin wanted power, he did not care about others opinions or attitudes, he just wanted what “belonged” to him. he had a communist country so he knew he was threatening to others and that he was powerful

Truman was very anti-soviet, he didn’t like Stalin one bit neither his actions, he was determined to find out what Stalin’s plans were.

 

On the Verge of War.

In out History class on BYOD (bring your own device) day, we worked on groups to see what things happened in the verge of war. For us to understand, we listened to a Meograph and watched a video about the verge of war and then we had some tasks to complete. Here is my work:

First we listened to the Meograph.

The Meograph showed what Hitler was doing before the war started, what actions  he took an how were things at that moment.

Then we watched a video.

This video was about what countries fought against who and what parts did they take over and how troops moved from each country.

After that we had to create a fakebook. My fakebook was created with the help of Catalina Rela. Our character was Pierre Laval.

Fakebook.

 

 

The Manchurian Crisis.

In History class our teacher Lenny asked us to watch a video and answer the questions about the Manchurian crisis since we are studying the Second World War. Here are my answers.

  1. How does the video open? What might the connection between the League and the opening scenes in Poland be?
  2. What problems did Japan face? (Mention ALL of them)
  3. What was the role of the army in Japan?
  4. What did army leaders believe Japan needed?
  5. What was the value of Manchuria?
  6. What happened at Mudken?
  7. What did the League do about it?
  8. What was Japan’s reaction to the decision of the League?

Whats written in Bold are the things I added based on the correction we made in class.

1) The video opens with some images of Poland at that time, for me the connection between them is that The League caused Poland to look that way, broken buildings, etc. How they failed to maintain stability and peace. The images also represent the start of the war, Hitlers SS in Poland. It was the last attack before the war, Britain realizes that the Policy of Appeasement was a mistake, it also symbolizes the union between Russia and Germany.

2) Japan had suffered not only from the Wall Street Crash but also from the Depression in USA. The population was booming, and the government needed to feed the population. Japan was isolated but then had to open up in order to get coal and oil since they had no natural materials to explode, they relied on trade. They also suffered from unemployment and many people didn’t have good business with agriculture. They didn’t have natural resources because Japan was very rocky.

3)The army controlled the education system and the administrations of martial arts was compulsory from a very young age. The army would guarantee power and intimidation, it was more powerful than the politicians 

4)Army leaders believed Japan needed territorial gain in eastern asia, it would benefit the great empire of Japan. They woud also expand and have more land for population and to cultivate.

5)The value of Manchuria was: resources, more land for population and also, people would gain jobs and unemployment would decrease.

6) They responded attacking nearby China. There was a railway that belonged to Japan. Since they needed an excuse to attack Mudken (a place in china) they caused the explosions themselves so they could blame China.

7)The League took 1 year to act and sent few soldiers when  they did. Its completely detached from its responsibilities. They sent Leighton to write the report. The result was that Japan was guilty and they had to leave Manchuria but they didn’t want to, and The League was afraid that Japan would join Germany.

8)Japan left The League and stayed with Manchuria when The league said that Manchuria was to become independent from both Japan and China but since they disagreed, she left.

Anschuluss.

This is a summary me and Mechi Anelo did in pairs for a project.

Anschluss was a political union. Hitler encouraged the Nazis in Austria to stir up trouble for the government, they organized demonstrations calling for union with Germany. Hitler felt that Germany and Austria should be together, so he told Schuschnigg, that only Anschluss would bring peace. As Schuschnigg didn’t agree with Hitler’s plans, he asked for help to Britain and France, but they refused. So Schuschnigg called a plebiscite in which 99% of the Austrian population voted in favor of this union under the eye of the nazis troops. Once the plebiscite was called Britain was giving her support. Hitler  sent troops over to Austria during the plebiscite in case he lost and to push people. Before the plebiscite Hitler said he would solve the economical problems that Austria was dealing with at the moment; but what he really meant was that he was going to unite Germany and Austria for a better Germany, as all the soldiers, weapons, and its rich gold and iron deposits would be given to her.

All this done meant that Germany had broken the third point of the Treaty of Versailles: “German territories and colonies”, which says that she was  forbade  to join together with its former ally Austria.

Source 1

This is a video. The message of this video is to see the happiness of the people, celebrating being part of the nazi Germany. It has a British perspective that is narrating what is happening

Source 2

This is a cartoon. it has a British perspective and the message is that shows how Hitler sent innocent people to death. it is also a symbol that swastikas or nazis leaded to death.

Source 3

This is a picture. It shows the removal of the border barrier between Germany and Austria. The people were smiling and happy

Source 4

This is an article explaining the Anschluss.

Source 5

It is a cartoon with a British perspective showing Hitler carrying the Austrian integrity  as a deer that was hunted by him.Mussolini , as an ally tells him that he didn’t heard a shot, as he passes by.